For those looking to buy into the stock market, you must know about the different types of stocks, and which ones are the best investments for you, depending on financial position, how much of a risk taker or risk averse person you are, what companies you are interested in, and what type of earnings you are hoping to attain. So, before choosing a company’s stock, there are several considerations a purchaser has to consider, in order to buy the right stocks, and to buy with the right company. So, here are a few of the most popular stocks, and what they mean in the world of trading.
First off is the common stock. This stock represents basic equity ownership in a corporation. The stockholders have the right to vote for directors, board members, and important company matters, based on the share percentage they own of common stock. These shareholders also participate in appreciation of share values, and the benefits from dividends which a company declares from corporate earnings, and the common stock holders are paid out, after all preferred stock holders are paid off.
A preferred stock is the next common stock option. This is where a shareholder owns equity with characteristics both in bonds as well as common stock with a company. Dividends are usually fixed by percentage of the par, or the face value of the stock. And, although most preferred stock owners do get preferred dividends, the company is not required to pay out higher amounts in dividends (over the common stock owners) to preferred stock owners. These stocks carry a little more risk than common stock, but the earning potential for these members is higher, and they do come before common stock holders as far as getting paid in dividends, and the voting rights in a company.
Blue chip stocks are those which are offered by well established companies, which have stable earnings, and no long list of liabilities. They typically pay out dividends on a regular basis, and are relatively safe and stable stocks to buy into. On the flip side, they are pricier to buy into, and they are typically owned by those who have more money to invest. Penny stocks are on the opposite side of the spectrum. They are low priced stocks, are usually riskier investments, they are typically traded over the counter, and the earnings can be high, depending on how many stocks are purchased, and even though they are not the steadiest option, if you do lose, it won’t be much due to the low price of the stocks. If you can find the best penny stocks and make a good trade on them your profits will be astronomical.
Income stocks offer higher dividend payouts, and are attractive to investors looking for an income which will grow gradually over time, and will still bring them income during periods of recession when other stocks typically fail. They are more expensive, but are a safe option. Growth stocks appreciate in value, and usually offer a high return to investors. Those who profit off them usually reinvest in business ventures. They are less risky, and have the potential for high earnings, but they are a pricier purchase.
There are several other stocks available for investors to consider, depending on the amount of risk they are willing to take, how much they have to invest in the market, and what kinds of profits they are looking to make in the stock market. But, these are the most common stocks, and the ones which are purchased most often by investors, and the ones which have the highest potential for earnings, as well as the highest possibility to reinvest any money earned, back into another business venture.